What is Kashful Israr By Khomeini In Urdu Pdf Download
Kashful Israr By Khomeini In Urdu Pdf Download is a book written by Ruhollah Khomeini, the founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The book was originally written in Persian in 1943 and later translated into Urdu. The book is a critique of the Sunni sect of Islam and a defense of the Shia sect. The book also discusses various political and social issues related to Islam and Iran.
The book is divided into eight chapters, each addressing a different topic. The first chapter deals with the concept of God and His attributes. The second chapter talks about the prophethood and the succession of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). The third chapter refutes the claims of some Sunni scholars who accused the Shia of disbelief and apostasy. The fourth chapter explains the principles of jurisprudence and the sources of Islamic law. The fifth chapter discusses the history of Islam and the role of the Imams. The sixth chapter covers the topics of ethics, morality, and spirituality. The seventh chapter deals with the issues of jihad, martyrdom, and governance. The eighth chapter concludes the book with a summary of its main points and a call for unity among Muslims.
The book is considered to be one of the most influential works of Khomeini and a source of inspiration for many Shia Muslims. The book also sparked controversy and criticism from some Sunni scholars who rejected its arguments and accused Khomeini of heresy and deviation. The book is available online for free download in various formats, including PDF.
Who was Ruhollah Khomeini
Ruhollah Khomeini was a prominent Iranian religious leader who rose to prominence in the 1960s and 1970s as a vocal critic of the shah's regime and its Western-backed policies. He advocated for a return to the Islamic values and traditions that he believed had been corrupted by foreign influences. He also opposed the shah's close ties with the United States and Israel, which he viewed as enemies of Islam and Iran.
Khomeini was arrested several times by the shah's security forces for his political activities and speeches. He was exiled from Iran in 1964 and lived in Turkey, Iraq, and France until 1979. During his exile, he continued to communicate with his followers and supporters through letters, tapes, and books. He also developed his theory of velayat-e faqih, or the guardianship of the jurist, which argued that the highest authority in an Islamic state should be a qualified religious scholar who could guide the people according to the principles of Islam.
How did Khomeini lead the Iranian Revolution
Khomeini became the leader and symbol of the Iranian Revolution, a popular uprising that erupted in 1978 against the shah's rule. The revolution was fueled by a combination of economic, social, political, and religious grievances that had accumulated over decades. The revolutionaries included various groups and factions, such as students, workers, merchants, intellectuals, liberals, nationalists, Marxists, and Islamists. However, they all rallied behind Khomeini's charismatic leadership and his vision of an Islamic republic.
Khomeini returned to Iran on February 1, 1979, after the shah had fled the country amid mass protests and strikes. He was greeted by millions of Iranians who hailed him as a hero and a savior. He declared an end to the monarchy and established a provisional government headed by Mehdi Bazargan, a moderate politician. He also appointed a council of Islamic experts to draft a new constitution based on his concept of velayat-e faqih. The constitution was approved by a referendum in December 1979 and Khomeini became the first supreme leader of Iran. ec8f644aee